Excessive glucose production over time creates a condition known as insulin resistance. Normally, insulin transports glucose molecules to receptors in muscle and other tissues. The muscles and tissues accept the glucose. All is normal. Any excess glucose not accepted by the muscles, or other tissues, is stored as fat. Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of the receptor cells to accept glucose molecules. The pancreas produces more insulin because the blood still contains a lot of blood glucose. The glucose is not being accepted by the muscles and tissues as it had earlier in your life. This situation can initiate the beginning of Type 2 diabetes if left unchecked over a long period of time.
Patients with untreated hypertension have higher fasting insulin levels compared to patients without hypertension. There is a direct correlation between insulin levels and increased blood pressure. Correlation does not necessarily mean that one caused the other. Studies have shown that patients with excess insulin levels have higher risks for coronary artery disease.
Excess glucose begins to accumulate as a direct result of insulin resistance. Glucose not accepted by the muscles and tissues is converted to a triglyceride and stored as fat. Triglycerides also accumulate in the bloodstream and can initiate the formation of atherosclerotic plaque in the blood vessels and arteries.
Reduced consumption of carbohydrates and exercise are two actions that can begin to address both excess glucose and excess insulin. Nutritional options include:
● Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (Maitake mushroom, Salacia oblonga)
● Chromium polynicotinate
● Soluble fiber
● Irvingia extract
● Green tea extract
● L-carnitine (Acetyl-L-carnitine)
● Ceylon cinnamon
Avoiding excess sugars and carbohydrates are key to reductions in excess glucose and insulin. Balanced nutrition, combined with a very low-calorie diet, helps to address insulin resistance. Hormone balance is just as critical as nutritional balance. Talk to your physician about checking your hormones, especially DHEA and testosterone. Exercise can increase testosterone and works well to reduce cardiovascular risk. If overweight, exercise can be included in a weight reduction program in accordance with medical advice and monitoring.